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Jared S. Klein

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Distinguished Research Professor of Linguistics, Classics, and Germanic and Slavic Languages
Director of the Linguistics Program

Read more about My Research


Academic History

Ph.D. 1974 Yale University, Linguistics

M.A. 1972 Yale University, Linguistics

M.Phil. 1971 Yale University, Linguistics

B.A. 1968 Case Western Reserve University

Courses Taught

Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin (LING 4150/6150), Introduction to Indo-European (LING 4210/6210), Sanskrit I and II (LING 4610/6610 and LING 4620/6620), Historical Linguistics (LING 4690/6690), Classical Armenian (LING 4900/6900), Gothic (LING 8320), Vedic Sanskrit (LING 8680)

Research Interests

Indo-European Linguistics, especially syntax and discourse structure; the comparative syntax of the Indo-European Languages whose earliest texts are translations of the Greek or Latin New Testament; the rhetorical poetics and stylistics of the Rigveda.

Books, Monographs, and Edited Volumes

The Particle u in the Rigveda. A Synchronic and Diachronic Study (Ergänzungshefte zur Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung, 27.) Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1978 (pp. 218).

Toward a Discourse Grammar of the Rigveda. Vol. 1: Parts 1 and 2. Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, 1985 (pp. 465 and 274).

On Verbal Accentuation in the Rigveda (American Oriental Society Essay Number 11) New Haven: American Oriental Society, 1992 (pp. 118).

On Personal Deixis in Classical Armenian. A Study of the Syntax and Semantics of the n-, s-, and d- Demonstratives in Manuscripts E and M of the Old Armenian Gospels (Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft, Beiheft 17, Neue Folge) Dettelbach: Verlag J.H. Röll.

Brother Jesus. The Nazarene through Jewish Eyes. By Schalom Ben-Chorin. Translated and edited by Jared S. Klein and Max Reinhart. Athens and London: The University of Georgia Press, 2001 (pp. xvi + 252). (Translation of Bruder Jesus. Der Nazarener in jüdischer Sicht).

The Collected Writings of Warren Cowgill, Edited with an Introduction by Jared S. Klein. With contributions by other former colleagues and students. Ann Arbor: Beech Stave Press, 2006 (pp. lviii + 578).

(2013b) Indic across the Millennia: from the Rigveda to Modern Indo-Aryan. 14th World Sanskrit Conference, Kyoto, Japan, September 1-5, 2009. Proceedings of the Linguistic Section. Edited by Jared S. Klein and Kazuhiko Yoshida. Bremen: Hempen Verlag (2012), pp. viii + 249.

(2014b) Vedic and Sanskrit Historical Linguistics. Papers of the 13th World Sanskrit Conference, Volume III. Ed. by Jared S. Klein and Elizabeth Tucker. New Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, pp. x + 299.

Recent Publications

(nearly all result from my current project [since 1998] on Stylistic Repetition in the Rigveda)

(1999) "A Triadic Structural Feature of Nominal Anaphora in the Rigveda." In J. Habisreitinger, R. Plath, and S. Ziegler, eds. Gering und doch von Herzen. 25 Indogermanistische Beitraege, Bernhard Forssman zum 65. Geburtstag. Wiesbaden: Reichert Verlag, pp. 119-34.

(2000) "Polyptoton and Paronomasia in the Rigveda." In Almut Hintze and Eva Tichy, eds. Anusantatyai. Festschrift fuer Johanna Narten zum 70. Geburtstag. Dettelbach: J.H. Röll, pp. 135-55.

(2002a) "Responsion in the Rigveda." Journal of the American Oriental Society, vol 122, no. 2, pp. 311-317.

(2002b) "Homoioteleuton in the Rigveda." In Mark Southern, ed. Indo-European Perspectives. (Journal of Indo-European Studies Monograph Nr. 43). Washington, D.C.: Institute for the Study of Man, pp. 199-222.

(2002c) "The Syntax of Style: A Typology of Word and Morpheme-Level Repetition in the Rigveda." In Heinrich Hettrich, ed. Indogermanische Syntax. Fragen und Perspektiven. Wiesbaden: Reichert Verlag, pp, 231-48 (Synopsis of 1999, 2000, 2002b, and 2004c).

(2004a) "Patterns of Verb Repetition in the Rigveda." General Linguistics, vol. 41 [2001], nos. 1-4, pp. 222-256.

(2004b) "Phrasal Repetition in the Rigveda." Bulletin d'Etudes Indiennes, vol. 21 [2003], no. 1, pp. 7-45.

(2004c) "Amreditas and Related Constellations in the Rigveda." Journal of the American Oriental Society, vol. 123 [2003], no. 4, pp. 773-802.

(2004d) "Nominal and Adverbial Amreditas and the Etymology of Rgvedic nana." In Arlo Griffiths and Jan E. M. Houben, eds. The Vedas. Text, Language & Ritual. Proceedings of the Third International Vedic Workshop, Leiden 2002. (Groningen Oriental Studies, 20). Groningen: Egbert Fortsen, pp. 251-60.

(2006a) "Categories and Subtypes of Phonological Repetition in the Rigveda." In Gerd Carling, ed. GIŠ.HUR gul-za-at-ta-ra. Festschrift for Folke Josephson (Meijerbergs Arkiv för Svensk Ordforskning, 32). Göteborg: Meijerbergs institut för svensk etymologisk forskning, pp. 134-173.

(2006b) "Aspects of the Rhetorical Poetics of the Rigveda." In Georges-Jean Pinault and Daniel Petit, eds. La langue poetique indo-europeenne. Actes du Colloque de travail de la Societe des Etudes Indo-Europeennes, Paris, 22-24 octobre 2003. Leeuven-Paris: Peeters, pp. 195-211.

(2007a) "Sequential Negation in the Rigveda." In Alan Nussbaum, ed. Verba Docenti. Studies in historical and Indo-European linguistics presented to Jay H. Jasanoff by students, colleagues, and friends. Ann Arbor: Beech Stave Press, pp. 213-29.

(2007b) "Relative Pronoun Sequences in the Rigveda: A Syntactic, Rhetorical-Poetic, and Discourse-Level Study." Bulletin d’Études Indiennes, vol. 22-23 [2004-05], pp. 495-536.

(2007c) "Classical Armenian Morphology". In Alan B. Kaye, ed. Morphologies of Asia and Africa. Winona Lake, IND.: Eisenbrauns, pp. 1051-86.

(2007d) “On the Nature and Function of Preverb Repetition in the Rigveda”. Studien zur Indologie und Iranistik, vol. 24, pp. 91-103.

(2008a) “Numeral Repetition in the Rigveda.” In Karlene Jones-Bley, Martin E. Huld, Angela Della Volpe, and Miriam Robbins Dexter, eds. Proceedings of the Nineteenth Annual UCLA Indo-European Conference (Journal of Indo-European Monograph Series, No. 54). Washington, DC: Institute for the Study of Man, pp. 171-91.

(2008b) “Interrogative Sequences in the Rigveda.” In Alexander Lubotsky, Jos Schaeken, and Jeroen Wiedenhof, eds. Evidence and Counter-evidence, Essays in Honour of  F. Kortlandt, vol. 1. Balto-slavic and Indo-European Linguistics. Amsterdam - New York: Rodopi, pp. 297-308.

(2008c) “Adverbial Repetition in the Rigveda.” In L. Kulikov and M. Rusanov, eds. Indologica: T. Ya. Elizarenkova Memorial Volume, Book 1 (Orientalia et Classica. Papers of the Institute of Oriental and Classical Studies, 20.) Moscow: Russian State University for Humanities, pp. 167-82.

(2010) “Personal Pronoun Sequences in the Rigveda.” In Ronald Kim, Norbert Oettinger, Elisabeth Rieken, and Michael Weiss, eds. Ex Anatolia Lux. Anatolian and Indo-European studies in honor of H. Craig Melchert on the occasion of his sixty-fifth birthday. Ann Arbor – New York: Beech Stave Press, pp. 204-16.

(2011) “Negation and Polarity in the Greek, Gothic, Classical Armenian, and Old Church Slavic Gospels: A Preliminary Study.” In Eirik Welo, ed. Indo-European Syntax and Pragmatics: Contrastive Approaches. Oslo Studies in Language, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 131-54.2008c 

(2012a) “Sá/tá- Sequences in the Rigveda.” In Velizar Sadovski and David Stifter, eds. Iranistische und indogermanistische Beiträge in memoriam Jochem Schindler (1944-1994). (Veröffentlichungen zur Iranistik, 51.) Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, pp. 45-76.

(2012b) “Figurae Non-Etymologicae in the Rigveda: sóma-/stóma- and Similar Word-Plays.” In Alain Blanc, Laurent Dubois, and Charles de Lamberterie, eds. Πολύμητις, Mélanges en l’honneur de Françoise Bader. Louvain: Peeters, 179-92.

(2012c) “Fashioning a Coda: Repetition of Clitics and Clitic-Like Elements in the Rigveda.”  In Adam I. Cooper, Jeremy Rau, and Michael Weiss, eds. Multi Nominis Grammaticus: Studies in Classical and Indo-European Linguistics in Honor of Alan J. Nussbaum on the Occasion of his Sixty-fifth Birthday. Ann Arbor: Beech Stave Press, 143-58.

(2013a) “Deictic Pronoun Repetition in the Rigveda.” In Jared S. Klein and Kazuhiko Yoshida, eds. Indic across the Millennia: from the Rigveda to Modern Indo-Aryan. 14th World Sanskrit Conference, Kyoto, Japan, September 1-5, 2009. Proceedings of the Linguistic Section. Bremen: Hempen Verlag (2012), 59-76.

(2014a) “Some Rhetorical Aspects of Adjacent Interstanzaic Phrasal Repetition in the Rigveda.” In Shu-Fen Chen and Benjamin Slade, eds. Grammatica et Verba, Glamor and Verve. Festschrift for Hans Hock. Ann Arbor: Beech Stave Press, pp. 128-144.

(2014c) “Conjunctive Sequences in the Rigveda.” In Jared Klein and Elizabeth Tucker, eds. Vedic and Sanskrit Historical Linguistics. Papers of the 13th World Sanskrit Conference, Volume III. New Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, pp. 265-92.         

Some Recent Book Reviews

(1998a) "Theory vs Practice in Diachronic Linguistics." Review article of Roger Lass. 1997. Historical Linguistics and Language Change. In Language Sciences, vol. 21 (1999), pp. 87-104.

(1998b) Review of Keith Denning and William R. Leben. 1995. English Vocabulary Elements. In the Journal of English Linguistics, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 359-64.

(2003) Review of Joseph Greenberg. 2000. Indo-European and Its Closest Relatives. The Eurasiatic Language Family. Volume I. Grammar. In the Journal of English Linguistics, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 370-83.

(2004) Review of Robert Stockwell and Donka Minkova. 2001. English Words. History and Structure. In the Journal of English Linguistics, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 370-81.

(2006a) "An Encyclopedia of Ancient Languages". Review article of Roger D. Woodard, ed. 2004. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World's Ancient Languages. In the Journal of the American Oriental Society, vol. 125, no. 1, pp. 91-97.

(2006b) "Teaching Indo-European". Review article of Benjamin W. Fortson IV. 2004. Indo-European Languaguage and Culture and Michael Meier-Bruegger, translated by Charles Gertmenian 2003. Indo-European Linguistics. With contributions by Matthias Fritz and Manfred Mayrhofer. In Diachronica, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 381-416.

(2009) “A New Dictionary of the Rigveda.” Review of Thomas Krisch. 2006. Rivelex. Rigveda-Lexikon Band 1. In the Journal of the American Oriental Society, vol. 128, no. 2 (2008), pp. 303-10.

(2010) Review of Gisella Ferraresi and Maria Goldbach, eds. 2008. Principles of Syntactic Reconstruction. In Language, vol. 86, no. 3, pp. 720-26.

Selected Masters Theses and Ph.D. Dissertations Directed

Taejin Kim, Alliteration and Syntactic Structure in Beowulf: A Study of Lines 1-558 (M.A. Thesis, 1986)

Taejin Kim, The Particle þá in the West-Saxon Gospels: A Discourse-Level Analysis. (Published under the same title, Peter Lang, 1992) (Ph.D. Dissertation, 1990)

Nancy L. Condon, A Distributional and Discourse Analysis of -(u)h and other Conjunctions in the Gothic Bible (M.A. Thesis, 1990)

Erika Anne Doster, Gothic and Modern English: A Comparative Lexical Analysis of Early Germanic Forms Retained in the Present-Day Language (M.A. Thesis, 1994)

Eph Herbert Tunkle, Gothic Forefield Syntax: Focus, Repair, and Wackernagel's Law (Ph.D. Dissertation, 2000)

Frederick James Pagniello, III, The Homeric Augment: A Deictic Particle (Ph.D. Dissertation, 2002)

Elena Govberg-Afros, Aspects of Old Germanic Hypotaxis: The Relative Clause in Focus (Ph.D. Dissertation, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2002)

Richard Jason Whitt, Grammaticalization and the Semantic Landscape of English and German Modal Verbs (M.A. Thesis, 2004)

Olga Thomason, The Prepositional Systems in Biblical Greek, Gothic, Classical Armenian, and Old Church Slavic (Ph.D. Dissertation, 2006)

Jack Bucsko, Preverbs and Idiomatization in Gothic (Ph.D. Dissertation, 2008)

Stephen L. Tyndall, Athematic Inflection in the Latin Present System (M.A. Thesis, 2008)

Caley Smith, The Development of final */as/ in Pre-Vedic (M.A. Thesis, 2010)

Kevin Richard Roth, One, Two, Many Latins: An Investigation into the  Relationship between the Pronunciation of Latin and Latin-Romance Diglossia (M.A. Thesis, 2010)

Joseph Allen Pennington, A Study of Purpose, Result, and Causal Hypotaxis in  Early Indo-European Gospel Versions (Ph.D. Dissertation, 2011)

Anthony David Yates, Homeric BH D’IMENAI: A Diachronic Approach (M.A. Thesis, 2011)

Samuel C. Zukoff, The Phonology of Verbal Reduplication in Ancient Greek: an Optimality Theory Approach (M.A. Thesis, 2011)

2012 Kelly Patricia Dugan, A Generative Approach to Homeric Enjambment: Benefits and Drawbacks (M.A. Thesis, 2012)

Mark Raymond Wenthe, Issues in the Placement of Enclitic Personal Pronouns in the Rigveda (Ph.D. Dissertation, 2012)

Hugo Enrique Mendez, Canticles in Translation: The Treatment of Poetic Language in the Greek, Gothic, Classical Armenian, and Old Church Slavonic Gospels (Ph.D. Dissertation, 2013)

Julia C. P. Sturm, Idiomatization of Preverb + Verb Compounds in the Rg Veda (M.A. Thesis, 2014)

Current Work

Stylistic Repetition in the Rigveda (a book to be consolidated out of the articles listed above and others currently in press)

Interstanzaic Repetition in the Rigveda (a monograph)

Other Professional Experience

Dr. Klein was a Mellon Fellow in the Humanities (Dept. of Linguistics) at Harvard University, 1978-79; Visiting Professor (Indogermanisches Seminar) at the University of Zurich, Summer Semester, 1985; Lady Davis Visiting Professor (Dept. of Indian, Iranian, and Armenian Studies) at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Fall Semester, 1985; Directeur d'Etudes Associe invite at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Paris, IVe Section, Sciences historiques et philologiques, Dec. 1992-June 1993; Leiv Eiricsson Visiting Scholar, University of Oslo, May - June 2008; and Fulbright-University of Vienna Distinguished Chair in Humanities and Cultural Studies, March - July 2011.

Research Interests:

Greek, Latin, and Indo-European Linguistics, Sanskrit, Germanic Languages, Classical Armenian

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